Glossary of Terms

The last few weeks, the Coronavirus pandemic has introduced a slew of new words and terms to the American vocabulary. Many of us have at least heard some of these, but might not be able to define them with confidence, while others are likely to be completely new to our vernacular. Here, we attempt to bring some clarity to what they all mean.

  • coronavirus

    any of various RNA-containing spherical viruses of the family Coronaviridae, including several that cause acute respiratory illnesses. Basically, coronavirus is not a specific virus or disease, rather it is the name of a family of virus’. Other known coronavirus’ include the four typical common colds, MERS, SARS, and now Covid-19.
  • Covid-19

    a mild to severe respiratory illness that is caused by a coronavirus (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 of the genus Betacoronavirus), is transmitted chiefly by contact with infectious material (such as respiratory droplets), and is characterized especially by fever, cough, and shortness of breath and may progress to pneumonia and respiratory failure. The name Covid-19 is derived from corona viral disease of 2019.
  • quarantine

    a state, period, or place of isolation in which people or animals that have arrived from elsewhere or been exposed to infectious or contagious disease are placed.